CARIBBEAN POLITICS and SOCIETY
Rationale pertaining to Integration.
The Caribbean is still fragmented both economically and politically as a result of competition and conflict among the European forces. Fragmentation is in part the merchandise of a lengthy history as separate colonies of a metropolitan electrical power or capabilities. It is also simply the mental effects on people of separation simply by sea.
The truth for regional integration is both simple and irrefutable. Initial we are small , and we need to accomplish economies of scale. We need to achieve these kinds of economies in markets, development, the mobilisation of local capital intended for regional make use of, university education, science and technology, sea and air flow transport to note some areas.
We consequently need to pool area as far as is feasible each of our markets and our economic human and natural assets. We need just one unified and truly common market for goods and services, capital, and qualified manpower. In addition we need to put together not only the introduction of our productive sectors although also our economic procedures. And we want both one common external contract price and a common set of external trade, economical and other policies.
Very fundamentally put, we must come better together mainly because even the more economically advanced and biggest of us will be mere dots of dusts in intercontinental terms. To admit that people are specks of dust particles does not on the other hand mean that we have to sink yourself in unaggressive apathy in economic and international issues; rather we have to get together to forma a subject with more mass and more excess weight so that the presence could be more easily viewed and more efficiently used in the promotion of our own interests. We are small states simply by world and even Hemispheric requirements, we are monetarily and politically weak individual units.
We must avoid the temptation if perhaps at any given time each of our individual nationwide economy is far more prosperous than those of our different partner says, to be thus arrogant about forget that our economic situation could possibly be suddenly reversed and that as a result we will eventually need close links with each of our partner declares in concerns concerning both intra-regional and extra-regional spheres. West Indian history abounds with cases of countries enduring sudden reversals of their economical fortunes.
Features of Integration.
a stronger tone internationally
(a)small countries perhaps have been hit by the recent economic climate and are unable to support clubs of negotiators. (b)a solitary team which represents the region could show a united entrance and lessen the chance pertaining to bilateral plans that might cause self-destructive intra-regional competition more control of local\regional resources
less dependency in foreigners; for that reason less exploitation increased regional trade: fewer outflows of hard currency needed for development increased movements of people and capital through the entire region increased job possibilities for Carribbean people
the creation of a Caribbean identity
According to McAfree,
" Strengthened local cooperation may enhance the Caribbean's self dependence and successful capacity. Exchanges of expertise and technology, and a division of labour among Caribbean states in the production of various items and dedicated services, may increase financial efficiency and the quality, selection and value of the particular region creates, both pertaining to local consumption and for export".
Factors Motivating Integration.
a common background (slavery, exploitation, colonialism, etc . ) similar political corporations and ideology (Westminster) similar social, financial and personal issues (debt, crime, lack of employment, etc) the impact of international trading blocs, elizabeth. g. NAFTA, the EUROPEAN similar dialect and tradition (English language)
similar colonial time experience and subjection to neo-colonialistic and imperialistic policies similar foreign trade relation (the entire area is dependent) the results...